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Daily bibliographic review of the Neurosurgery Department. La Fe University Hospital. Valencia, Spain

Radiologically documented adjacent-segment degeneration after cervical arthroplasty

Surgical Neurology 72 (2009) 325–329. doi:10.1016/j.surneu.2009.02.013

Background: The authors retrospectively studied the incidence and characteristics of radiologically documented adjacent-segment degeneration after single-level diskectomy and subsequent cervical arthroplasty using the Bryan (Medtronic Sofamor Danek; Memphis, TN) disk prosthesis.

Methods: Seventy-two patients with single-level arthroplasty using the Bryan cervical disk prosthesis were evaluated. Radiological evidence of adjacent-disk disease included new formation or enlargement of anterior osteophyte, new or increasing ALL calcification, or narrowing of disk space documented on serial plain radiographs. We reported the characteristics of adjacent-segment degeneration and reviewed all of the cases.

Results: Among the 72 patients, 9 patients (12.5%) showed radiological evidence of adjacentsegment degeneration. The mean age was 43.3 years old, with a male-female ratio 1:3. The mean follow-up period was 24.2 (12.1-35.9) months. The mean period of onset was 16.3 months. Uppersegment degeneration was documented in 4 cases (3 new osteophyte, 1 enlargement of osteophyte), whereas lower-segment degeneration was noted in 5 cases (1 new osteophyte, 3 enlargement of osteophyte, 1 decreased disk height). Among the degenerated cases, 4 cases (44.4%) also showed various degrees of HO.

Conclusions: The rate of adjacent-segment degeneration was higher than that observed in previous studies. Adjacent-segment degeneration documented a tendency toward HO. A longer follow-up period is necessary to investigate and document the different types of degeneration seen at levels adjacent to artificial Bryan cervical disk prostheses.

Category: Spine

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