Transdural indocyanine green video-angiography of vascular malformations

Transdural indocyanine green video-angiography of vascular malformations

Acta Neurochir (2014) 156:1761–1767

The role of indocyanine green videoangiography (ICG-VA) in the surgical resection of vascular malformations has been largely described; conversely, the utility of ICG-VA before dural opening (transdural ICG-VA) in this situation remains unclear. The aim of this study is to present the application of transdural ICG-VA in a consecutive series of patients in order to explore the potential provided by a transdural visualisation of vascular malformations.

Method We retrospectively analysed the application of intraoperative ICG-VA before dural opening in 15 consecutive patients who underwent surgical resection of vascular malformations. The cases included 12 cerebral arterio-venous malformations (AVMs), 2 cerebral dural arterio-venous fistulas (dAVFs) and 1 spinal arterio-venous fistula (AVF).

Results ICG-VA before dural opening allowed the visualisation of the site and extension of the malformation in 13 out of 15 cases, whilst arterial feeders and venous drainages were identified in 9 out of 15 cases. In two patients with dAVF, the point of fistula could be transdurally identified through ICGVA. In 14% of cases, the size of bone flap designed on neuronavigation data was then modified according to transdural ICG-VA findings.

Conclusions Transdural ICG-VA proved an efficient tool that allows optimising the exposure of the malformation, performing a safe dural opening and identifying dural vascular connections of the lesion.