Laser interstitial thermal therapy using the Leksell Stereotactic System and a diagnostic MRI suite

Acta Neurochirurgica (2023) 165:549–554

Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) is a stereotactic neurosurgical procedure used to treat neoplastic and epileptogenic lesions in the brain. A variety of advanced technological instruments such as frameless navigation systems, robotics, and intraoperative MRI are often described in this context, although the surgical procedure can also be performed using a standard stereotactic setup and a diagnostic MRI suite.

Methods We report on our experience and a surgical technique using a Leksell stereotactic frame and a diagnostic MRI suite to perform LITT.

Conclusion LITT can be safely performed using the Leksell frame and a diagnostic MRI suite, making the technique available even to neuro-oncology centers without advanced technological setup.

A stereotactic frame‐based drill guide‐aided setting for laser interstitial thermal therapy

Acta Neurochirurgica (2021) 163:3447–3453

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRIgLITT) was demonstrated to be a viable neurosurgical tool. Apart from its variety of indications, different operative and technical nuances exist. In the present report, for the first time, the use and ability of a traditional Riechert-Mundinger (RM) stereotactic system combined with a novel drill guide kit for MRIgLITT are described.

Methods A stereotactic frame-based setting was developed by combining an RM system with a drill guide kit and centering bone anchor screwing aid for application together with an MRIgLITT neuro-accessory kit and cooled laser applicator system. The apparatus was used for stereotactic biopsy and consecutive MRIgLITT with an intraoperative high-field MRI scanner in a brain tumor case.

Results The feasibility of an RM stereotactic apparatus and a drill guide kit for MRIgLITT was successfully assessed. Both stereotactic biopsy and subsequent MRIgLITT in a neurooncological patient could easily and safely be performed. No technical problems or complications were observed.

Conclusion The combination of a traditional RM stereotactic system, a new drill guide tool, and intraoperative high-field MRI provides neurosurgeons with the opportunity to reliably confirm the diagnosis by frame-based biopsy and allows for stable and accurate real-time MRIgLITT.