Clinical applications of dynamic CT angiography for intracranial lesions

Acta Neurochirurgica (2018) 160:675–680

Dynamic CT angiography (dCTA) augments traditional CTA with temporal resolution and has been demonstrated to influence operative planning in skull base surgery.

Methods Three hundred twenty-five dynamic CTA cases from a single institution were reviewed for indication of study, findings, and comparison to other modalities of imaging.

Results The most frequent application of dCTA was pre-operative surgical planning (59.4%); resection of skull base tumors represented the majority of these pre-operative studies (93.3%). It was also used to evaluate new neurological symptoms (20.9%). Of these, the most common symptoms prompting a dCTA study included headache (22.1%) and visual field deficit (11.8%). The most commonly visualized vascular lesions were partial (22.9%) and complete vascular occlusions (9.0%). Dynamic CTA has also been useful in post-operative imaging for vascular malformations (9.5%) and tumors (2.5%). Finally, dCTA was employed to evaluate ambiguous abnormal findings observed on other imaging modalities (7.7%). Cerebral dCTA ruled out inconclusive abnormal vascular findings visualized on other imaging modalities (64.0%) more frequently than it confirmed them (32.0%), and was inconclusive in a singular case (4.0%).

Conclusions Cerebral dCTA is an evolving new technology with a diverse spectrum of potential applications. In addition to its role in guiding pre-operative planning for skull base surgical cases, dynamic CTA offers excellent spatial and temporal resolution for assessment of vascular lesions.