Petrosal Meningiomas: Factors Affecting Outcome and the Role of Intraoperative Multimodal Assistance to Microsurgery

Neurosurgery, Volume 84, Issue 6, June 2019, Pages 1313–1324

Petrous meningiomas (PMs) represent a subset of posterior fossa tumors accounting for ∼8% of all intracranial meningiomas. Surgical treatment of PMs is challenging because of their relationships with vital neurovascular structures of the cerebellopontine angle.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate independent pre- and intraoperative predictors of PM surgery outcome.

METHODS:We reviewed the surgical and outcome data of patients who underwent microsurgical resection of PMs from 1997 to 2016. From 2007 onward, a multimodal intraoperative protocol consisting of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM), endoscopy, and indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography was applied. Outcome variables included extent of resection, Karnofsky performance status (KPS), overall survival, and progression-free survival (PFS).

RESULTS: A total of 54 patients were included. Independent predictors of gross total resection (GTR) included retromeatal location (P < .0175; odds ratio [OR] 4.05), absence of brainstem compression (P < .02; OR 3.55), and histological WHO grade I (P < .001; OR 3.47). Nongiant size (P < .012; OR 4.38), and WHO grade I (P < .0001; OR 7.7) were independent predictors of stable or improved KPS. The use of multimodal intraoperative tools to assist surgery independently predicted GTR (P < .002; OR 6.8) and good KPS (P < .018; OR 4.23). Nongiant size (P = .01) and WHO grade I (P = .002) were significantly associated with increased PFS.

CONCLUSION: Notwithstanding the limitations of a retrospective study, our results suggest that support of microsurgery by a combination of IONM, endoscopy, and ICG videoangiography may improve patient outcome in PM surgery.