Acta Neurochirurgica (2021) 163:97–100
Surgery for diaphragma sellae meningiomas (DSM) remains challenging due to the intimate neurovascular relationships of the tumor. Excision of DSM along with a decompression of the optic apparatus requires a good knowledge of the skull base anatomy and a precise preoperative evaluation of the tumor extensions.
Method We describe the key steps of transcranial approach for DSM with a video illustration. The surgical anatomy is described along with the advantages and limitations of this approach.
Conclusions The transcranial approach allows a safe tumor excision with an early and adequate control of the neurovascular structures, while minimizing postoperative CSF rhinorrhea.