Experience and modification of skull base reconstruction results in lower complications rates

Objectives To investigate the efficacy of nasal septum bone flap combined with vascularized pedicle nasoseptal flap (VPNSF) in the treatment of high-flow cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage in the endonasal endoscopic skull base surgery.

Methods A total of 156 patients in group A used a multi-layer skull base reconstruction method of fat-absorbable artificial dura mater- fascia lata-VP-NSF, and were treated with drainage of the lumbar cistern after surgery, in addition, a total of 94 patients in group B used a multi-layer skull base reconstruction method of fat-absorbable artificial dura mater-nasal septal bone flap-VP-NSF, and no lumbar cistern drainage was performed after surgery. Analyzed and compared the differences of postoperative cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea, intracranial infection, re-repair, average bed rest time, pulmonary infection and deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities were analyzed and compared in the two groups.

Results In group A, 11 cases of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea occurred after operation. In addition, 15 cases developed intracranial infection. During this period, there were 20 cases of pulmonary infection and 3 cases of deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities. In group B, there were 1 case of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (P < 0.05), 2 cases of intracranial infection (P < 0.05), 2 cases of pulmonary infection (P < 0.05), and 0 case of deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities (P > 0.05).

Conclusion Nasal septum bone flap combined with VP-NSF is effective in the treatment of high-flow CSF leaks in the endonasal endoscopic skull base surgery, which can avoid postoperative lumbar cistern drainage and is worth popularizing.