Utility of MRI in surgical planning for parasagittal meningiomas

Acta Neurochirurgica (2023) 165:1717–1725

Surgical resection is the standard treatment for parasagittal meningioma (PSM), but complete resection may be challenging due to superior sagittal sinus (SSS) involvement. The SSS may be partially or completely obstructed, and collateral veins are commonly present. Thus, knowing the status of the SSS in PSM cases prior to treatment is essential to a successful outcome. MRI is utilized prior to surgery in order to determine SSS status and to check for presence of collateral veins.

The objective of this study is to evaluate the reliability of MRI in predicting both SSS involvement and presence of collateral veins in subsequent comparison to actual intra-operative findings, and to report on complications and outcomes.

Methods 27 patients were retrospectively analyzed for this study. A blinded radiologist reviewed all pre-operative images, noting SSS status and collateral vein presence. Intraoperative findings were obtained from hospital records to similarly categorize SSS status and collateral vein presence.

Results Sensitivity of the MRI to SSS status was found to be 100% and specificity was 93%. However, sensitivity and specificity of MRI to collateral vein presence was only 40% and 78.6%, respectively. Complications were experienced by 22% of patients, the majority neurologic in nature.

Conclusion MRI accurately predicted SSS occlusion status, but was less consistent in identification of collateral veins. These findings suggest MRI should be used with caution prior to PSM resection surgery particularly with regards to the presence of collateral veins which may complicate resection.