Incremental Contribution of Size Ratio as a Discriminant for Rupture Status in Cerebral Aneurysms: Comparison With Size, Height, and Vessel Diameter

Neurosurgery 70:944–952, 2012 DOI: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e31823bcda7

Aneurysm size ratio (SR), variably defined as the ratio of dome height (H) or maximal dimension (Dmax) over average parent vessel diameter (PV) diameter, has been proposed as a promising aneurysm rupture status predictor.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incremental contribution of SR to retrospective rupture status determination in a large high-resolution aneurysm database.

METHODS: Measurements were performed on catheter 3D-rotational angiographic volumetric datasets for 267 aneurysms (98 ruptured). SR was computed both as H/PV (SR1) and as Dmax/PV (SR2), and its discriminant performance was evaluated on the whole dataset, on aneurysm-type subsets (bifurcation [BIF] vs sidewall [SW]), and at specific aneurysm locations. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were performed by the use of area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver-operating characteristics.

RESULTS: Neither SR1 nor SR2 were statistically correlated to rupture status in the BIF group, where only PV (AUC = 0.61) achieved significance. All parameters were statistically significant in the combined group, but with modest performance (AUC range, 0.62- 0.74). SR1 (AUC = 0.84) and SR2 (AUC = 0.78) were strong predictors in the SW group, similar to H (AUC = 0.83) and Dmax (AUC = 0.77). Multivariate statistics failed to support SR as an incremental independent parameter from PV, Dmax, and H.

CONCLUSION: SR provides an uneven performance that depends strongly on the BIF/ SW distribution of the data and is not useful for bifurcation lesions. In the SW subset, the incremental contribution of the SR over its H or Dmax individual component measurements could not be validated, suggesting prior findings of its utility to be the result of aneurysm-type selection bias.