Acta Neurochir (2012) 154:1135–1144. DOI 10.1007/s00701-012-1397-y
We conducted a prospective study to investigate the clinical and radiological outcome in a surgical case series of 176 patients with 203 unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA).
Methods The success of aneurysm obliteration was assessed within 2 weeks after surgery by digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Patients also underwent angiography 5 years after surgery. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). All predictors of poor surgical outcomes were assessed using an exact logistic regression.
Results Overall, 83%of the patients had a good outcome (mRS score 0 or 1); 10.8 % of the patients had a slight disability (mRS score 2), and 6.2 % of the patients had a moderate or moderatesevere disability (mRS score 3 or 4). The mortality rate was 0% overall. The most important predictors of outcome were presence of history of ischemic cerebrovascular disease and postoperative stroke. Complete aneurysm occlusion was achieved in 93.5 % of all aneurysms. Sixty percent of treated aneurysms were checked with late follow-up DSA. No cases of hemorrhage from a surgically obliterated UIA were documented in this series during the 7.3±1.4 (SD)-year follow-up period.
Conclusions If patients are carefully selected and individually assigned to their optimum treatment modality, IUAs can be obliterated by surgery with a low percentage of unfavorable outcomes.