Novel Postoperative Serum Biomarkers in Atypical Meningiomas: A Multicenter Study

Neurosurgery 93:599–610, 2023

There has been no known serum biomarker to predict the prognosis of atypical meningioma.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic impact of serum biomarkers in patients newly diagnosed with resected intracranial atypical meningiomas.

METHODS: This study enrolled 523 patients with atypical meningioma who underwent surgical resection between 1998 and 2018 from 5 Asian institutions. Serum laboratory data within 1 week after surgery were obtained for analysis. Optimal cutoffs were calculated for each serum marker using the maxstat package of R.

RESULTS: Of 523 patients, 19.5% underwent subtotal resection and 29.8% were treated with adjuvant radiation therapy (ART). Among the 523 patients, 454 were included in the multivariate analysis for the progression/recurrence (P/R) rate excluding patients with incomplete histopathologic or laboratory data. On multivariate analysis, tumor size >5 cm, subtotal resection, and postoperative aspartate aminotransferase/alanine transaminase (De Ritis) ratio >2 were associated with higher P/R rates, whereas ART and postoperative platelet count >137 × 103 / μ L were associated with lower P/R rates. In the subgroup of patients treated with ART, tumor size >5 cm and postoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio >21 were associated with higher P/R rates. By contrast, postoperative De Ritis ratio >2 remained an adverse prognosticator in patients not treated with ART.

CONCLUSION: Postoperative De Ritis ratio, platelet count, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio were revealed as a novel serum prognosticator in newly diagnosed atypical meningiomas. Additional studies are warranted to validate its clinical significance and biological background.