Impact of therapeutic regimen and clinical presentation on overall survival in CNS lymphoma

Primary LymphomaActa Neurochir (2014) 156:355–365

The authors present a retrospective analysis of 45 patients who underwent treatment of CNS lymphoma (both primary and secondary) at a single institution between 2005 and 2012. Methods This study involves 21 female and 24 male patients with a mean age of 59.2 years. All medical records and pathology reports were reviewed for each patient. Univariate and multivariate analyses of overall survival were performed.

Results Presentation with altered mental status was a significant risk factor for worse overall survival. An HIV infection, deep lesion location, and age over 60 did not impact survival. A survival benefit was demonstrated with the use of systemic therapy, specifically rituximab, and radiation. The CNS Lymphoma Score was derived from this cohort, which proved a powerful predictive tool for overall survival. The surgical complication rate in this series was 17.8 %.

Conclusions This study highlights the prognostic importance of presentingmental status on outcomes in CNS lymphoma and demonstrates a summative benefit of rituximab and whole brain radiation therapy. Considering these factors together provides an easily applicable andmeaningful stratification for this patient population. The surgical complication rate in this patient population is not negligible. The high percentage of wound-related surgical complications suggests the need for a waiting period between surgery and initiation of chemotherapy to allow for wound healing.