Contralateral Approach to Internal Carotid Artery Ophthalmic Segment Aneurysms: Angiographic Analysis and Surgical Results for 30 Patients

oftalmic ICA an

Neurosurgery. 77(1):104-112, July 2015

Contralateral aneurysm clipping can be applied to bilateral intracranial aneurysms of the anterior circulation and to selected aneurysms on the medial wall of the internal carotid artery (ICA).

OBJECTIVE: To identify anatomic and radiological parameters that would favor a contralateral microsurgical approach to ICA–ophthalmic segment (ICA-opht) aneurysms.

METHODS: For the period January 1957 to December 2012, we retrospectively analyzed 268 patients with ICA-opht aneurysms treated in our institution. Of these patients, 30 underwent a contralateral approach; 15 patients (50%) had multiple intracranial aneurysms, and 15 patients had a single aneurysm on the contralateral side of the craniotomy.

RESULTS: Thirty saccular aneurysms located on the contralateral ICA were treated. Six aneurysms (20%) were present in patients with a subarachnoid hemorrhage due to associated aneurysms, whereas 24 aneurysms (80%) had no history of bleeding. Contralateral aneurysms were smaller than 14 mm and showed no wall irregularities, calcifications, or secondary pouches. Projections of the aneurysms were superomedial (n = 23, 77%), medial (n = 4, 13%), and superior (n = 3, 10%). The median prechiasmatic distance was 5.7 mm (range, 3.4-8.7 mm), the median interoptic distance was 10.5 mm (range, 7.6-15.9 mm), and the median distance between both ICAs was 14.7 mm (range, 10.4-21.4 mm).

CONCLUSION: The contralateral approach for ICA-opht aneurysms remains a treatment option for intracranial aneurysms. Its feasibility depends on specific anatomic parameters related to the aneurysm itself and to the prechiasmatic distance, interoptic distance, and relationship of the ICA with the anterior clinoid process.