Anatomic Features of Paraclinoid Aneurysms

Neurosurgery 81:949–957, 2017

Paraclinoid aneurysms are among the most challenging aneurysms to treat. Computed tomography (CT) angiography helps in evaluating the radiological characteristics of these aneurysms next to bony structures.

OBJECTIVE: To present the CT angiography characteristics of paraclinoid aneurysms in order to better understand such pathology.

METHODS: The study examined CT angiography-based anatomical characteristics obtained retrospectively from 136 patients with 144 paraclinoid aneurysms selected from single-defined catchment populations in Finland. We examined the diameters of the parent artery (internal carotid artery), the location of the aneurysm, its dimensions (width, height, neck), and aneurysm wall irregularity.

RESULTS:We analyzed 144 paraclinoid aneurysms in 136 patients admitted to the hospital during 2000-2014.Multivariable analysis reveals that rupture aneurysms have the following radiological features: aneurysm larger than 5 mm in diameter (P = .006), irregular wall (P = .046), superior location, larger aspect ratio (P = .039), and neck wider than parent artery (P < .001).

CONCLUSION: Smaller diameter of the internal carotid artery and superior location, as well as a large and irregular aneurysm wall, are radiological characteristics of ruptured paraclinoid aneurysms, which CT angiography can measure easily.

Exclusively intradural exposure and clip reconstruction in complex paraclinoid aneurysms

Acta Neurochir (2011) 153:2103–2109. DOI 10.1007/s00701-011-1171-6

The management of complex paraclinoid aneurysms is still challenging. In this article we describe our approach to paraclinoid aneurysms, which has evolved over several years, using an exclusively intradural approach.

Method All procedures are done under continuous electrophysiological monitoring. A standard pterional approach is used to access the paraclinoid region exclusively intraduraly. After optic nerve unroofing and tailored clinoidectomy, the aneurysm neck is visualized and clipped using the tandem clipping technique and suction decompression if necessary. Aneurysm occlusion is verified using intraoperative ICG angiography and postoperative 3D DSA.

Conclusion The exclusively intradural approach to complex paraclinoid aneurysms with tailored clinoidectomy offers an excellent surgical corridor for the treatment of these challenging lesions