Venous preservation–guided resection: a changing paradigm in parasagittal meningioma surgery

Venous preservation–guided resection- a changing paradigm in parasagittal meningioma surgery-1

J Neurosurg 119:74–81, 2013

Surgical treatment of parasagittal meningiomas is challenging. Preserving the venous outflow is the key point, but this may preclude radical resection. Different surgical strategies have been proposed. To contribute to the debate on the optimal strategy for treating these tumors, a single-institutional, single-surgeon series of patients with parasagittal meningiomas was analyzed and the available literature reviewed.

Methods. Clinical charts of patients with parasagittal meningioma, managed at the University of Messina between 1988 and 2008, were retrospectively reviewed. A microsurgical resection, the goal of which was to preserve the venous outflow, was performed. Only if the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) was angiographically occluded, but if alternative venous outflow was clearly recognized, was the tumor resected, together with the sinus without further flow restoration. A MEDLINE review of the literature published between 1955 and 2011 was performed.

Results. Long-term follow-up (mean 80 months) data obtained in 67 patients with meningiomas involving the SSS were analyzed. The recurrence rate was 10.4%; the morbidity and mortality rates were 10.4% and 4.5%, respectively. The authors identified in the literature 19 relevant studies on this issue, and based on their review of the literature, there is no evidence that aggressive management offers an advantage in terms of recurrence rate.

Conclusions. Analysis of the data obtained in the 67 patients confirmed good outcome and long-term tumor control following a surgical strategy aimed to preserve venous outflow. These findings and the results of the authors’ analysis of the literature emphasize that the goal of radical tumor resection should be balanced by an awareness of the increased surgical risk attendant on aggressive management of the SSS and bridging veins.

Perioperative and Long-term Outcomes From the Management of Parasagittal Meningiomas Invading the Superior Sagittal Sinus

Neurosurgery 67:885–893, 2010 DOI: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e3181ef2a18

Parasagittal meningiomas invading the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) pose formidable obstacles to surgical management. Invasion is often considered a contraindication to surgery because of associated morbidity, such as cerebral venous thrombosis.

OBJECTIVE: We report our most recent experience with the resection of parasagittal meningiomas invading the SSS.

METHODS: Between 1992 and 2004, 110 patients with parasagittal meningiomas underwent surgery at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. Clinical charts, radiological studies, pathological features, and operative notes were retrospectively analyzed; only those patients with minimum 24 months follow-up (n = 61) were further studied.

RESULTS: Tumor distribution by location along the SSS was: 21% anterior, 62% middle, and 17% posterior. All patients were managed with initial surgical resection with radiosurgery for residual/recurrent disease if indicated (19.6%). Pathological examination revealed 80% grade I meningiomas, 13% grade II meningiomas, and 7% grade III meningiomas. Simpson grade I/II resection was achieved in 81% of patients. Major complications included venous thrombosis/infarction (7%), intraoperative air embolism (1.5%), and death (1.5%); long-term outcomes assessed included recurrence (11%) and improvement in Karnofsky Performance Score (85%).

CONCLUSION: On the basis of our study, the incidence of postoperative venous sinus thrombosis is 7% in the setting of a recurrence rate of 11% with a mean follow-up of 41 months. In comparison with the published literature, the data corroborate the rationale for our treatment paradigm; lesions invading the sinus can initially be resected to the greatest extent possible without excessive manipulation of vascular structures, whereas residual/recurrent disease can be observed and managed with radiosurgery.