Acta Neurochirurgica (2021) 163:1311–1316
Classical approaches to the temporomesial region (TMR) include transtemporal, transylvian, or subtemporal. The supracerebellar infratentorial, initially developed to access dorsolateral cavernomas, has of late shown its versatility to access areas around the central core. The TMR is one such area that can be accessed through this approach with the addition of a tentorial incision.
Method The paramedian supracerebellar transtentorial approach (PSCTA) is described along with its advantages and limits compared to other approaches to treat TMR gliomas.
Conclusion The PSCTA offers a basal panoramic view of the TMR without the need of retraction, cortical incision, and white matter transgression.
J Neurosurg 115:49–54, 2011. DOI: 10.3171/2011.2.JNS101759
The retrosigmoid intradural suprameatal approach with the patient in a semisitting position is an effective alternative to transpetrosal approaches for the treatment of petroclival meningiomas. The authors have made a simple modification to the retrosigmoid intradural suprameatal approach by using the lateral oblique position and preferentially dividing the tentorium with limited drilling of the suprameatal bone, which is termed the “lateral su- pracerebellar transtentorial approach.”
Methods. Twenty-six patients with petroclival meningiomas surgically treated via the lateral supracerebellar transtentorial approach were analyzed. All tumors had most of their bulk in the posterior fossa with some degree of extension into the middle fossa and/or Meckel cave. The patient is placed in the lateral oblique position, and a standard retrosigmoid craniotomy is performed. The tentorium medial to the trigeminal nerve is incised toward the free edge, which improves exposure to the petroclival region without extensive resection of the suprameatal petrous bone.
Results. Gross-total resection was achieved in 11 patients (42%). Ten patients (38%) underwent subtotal resection, and 5 patients (19%) underwent partial resection. There was no incidence of operative death, and the postoperative permanent morbidity rate was 15%. All patients except one did well postoperatively and were independent at the time of their last follow-up examinations.
Conclusions. The lateral supracerebellar transtentorial approach provides the simplest and safest access to the petroclival region. It offers an advantageous approach to petroclival meningiomas exclusively located in the posterior fossa with minimal extension into the Meckel cave and middle fossa.