Timing of surgery for ruptured supratentorial arteriovenous malformations

Acta Neurochir (2017) 159:2103–2112

There are conflicting opinions regarding the optimal waiting time to perform surgery after rupture of supratentorial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) to achieve the best possible outcome.

Objective To analyze factors influencing outcomes for ruptured supratentorial AVMs after surgery, paying particular attention to the timing of the surgery.

Methods We retrospectively investigated 59 patients admitted to our center between 2000 and 2014 for surgical treatment of ruptured supratentorial AVMs. We evaluated the effect of timing of surgery and other variables on the outcome at 2– 4 months (early outcome), at 12 months (intermediate outcome) after surgery, and at final follow-up at the end of 2016 (late outcome).

Results Age over 40 years (OR 18.4; 95% CI 1.9–172.1; p = 0.011), high Hunt and Hess grade (4 or 5) before surgery (OR 13.5; 95% CI 2.1–89.2; p = 0.007), hydrocephalus on admission (OR 12.9; 95% CI 1.8–94.4; p = 0.011), and over 400 cm3 bleeding during surgery (OR 11.5; 95% CI 1.5–86.6; p = 0.017) were associated with an unfavorable early outcome. Age over 40 years (OR 62.8; 95% CI 2.6–1524.9; p = 0.011), associated aneurysms (OR 34.7; 95% CI 1.4– 829.9; p = 0.029), high Hunt and Hess grade before surgery (OR 29.2; 95% CI 2.6–332.6; p = 0.007), and over 400 cm3 bleeding during surgery (OR 35.3; 95% CI 1.7–748.7; p = 0.022) were associated with an unfavorable intermediate outcome. Associated aneurysms (OR 8.2; 95% CI 1.2–55.7; p = 0.031), high Hunt and Hess grade before surgery (OR 5.7; 95% CI 1.3–24.3; p = 0.019), and over 400 cm3 bleeding during surgery (OR 5.8; 95% CI 1.2–27.3; p = 0.027) were associated with an unfavorable outcome at last follow-up. Elapsed time between rupture and surgery did not affect early or final outcome. Conclusions Early surgery in patients with ruptured supratentorial arteriovenous malformation is

Conclusions Early surgery in patients with ruptured supratentorial arteriovenous malformation is feasible strategy, with late results comparable to those achieved with delayed surgery. Many other factors than timing of surgery play significant roles in long-term outcomes for surgically treated ruptured supratentorial AVMs.