The biophysical role of hemodynamics in the pathogenesis of cerebral aneurysm formation and rupture

Neurosurg Focus 47 (1):E11, 2019

The pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysms remains complex and multifactorial. While vascular, genetic, and epidemio- logical factors play a role, nascent aneurysm formation is believed to be induced by hemodynamic forces. Hemodynamic stresses and vascular insults lead to additional aneurysm and vessel remodeling. Advanced imaging techniques allow us to better define the roles of aneurysm and vessel morphology and hemodynamic parameters, such as wall shear stress, oscillatory shear index, and patterns of flow on aneurysm formation, growth, and rupture. While a complete understand- ing of the interplay between these hemodynamic variables remains elusive, the authors review the efforts that haveĀ been made over the past several decades in an attempt to elucidate the physical and biological interactions that govern aneurysm pathophysiology. Furthermore, the current clinical utility of hemodynamics in predicting aneurysm rupture is discussed.