Minimally invasive trans-sulcal parafascicular surgical resection of cerebral tumors

Neurosurg Rev (2021) 44:1611–1624

The minimally invasive port-based trans-sulcal parafascicular surgical corridor (TPSC) has incrementally evolved to provide a safe, feasible, and effective alternative to access subcortical and intraventricular pathologies. A detailed anatomical foundation is important in mitigating cortical and white matter tract injury with this corridor.

Thus, the aims of this study are (1) to provide a detailed anatomical construct and overview of TPSCs and (2) to translate an anatomical framework to early clinical experience.

Based on regional anatomical constraints, suitable parafascicular entry points were identified and described. Fiber tracts at both minimal and increased risks for each corridor were analyzed. TPSC-managed cases for metastatic or primary brain tumors were retrospectively reviewed. Adult patients 18 years or older with Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) ≥ 70 were included. Subcortical brain metastases between 2 and 6 cm or primary brain tumors between 2 and 5 cm were included. Patient-specific corridors and trajectories were determined using MRI-tractography.

Anatomy: The following TPSCs were described and translated to clinical practice: superior frontal, inferior frontal, inferior temporal, intraparietal, and postcentral sulci.

Clinical: Eleven patients (5 males, 6 females) were included (mean age = 52 years). Seven tumors were metastatic, and 4 were primary. Gross total, near total, and subtotal resection was achieved in 7, 3, and 1 patient(s), respectively. Three patients developed intraoperative complications; all recovered from their intraoperative deficits and returned to baseline in 30 days.

A detailed TPSC anatomical framework is critical in conducting safe and effective port-based surgical access. This review may represent one of the few early translational TPSC studies bridging anatomical data to clinical subcortical and intraventricular surgical practice.