The use of intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green videoangiography in the microscopic resection of hemangioblastomas

Acta Neurochir (2012) 154:1407–1412 

The authors assessed the usefulness of intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green videoangiography (ICG-VA) in the microscopic resection of hemangioblastomas.

Methods From January 2009 to February 2012, nine consecutive patients (seven men, two women) who underwent surgery for hemangioblastomas using intraoperative ICGVA were included in this study. Surgery was performed on four cystic cerebellar lesions with mural nodules, two solid tumors (one in the cerebellar hemisphere and one in the medulla oblongata), one spinal tumor and multiple tumors in two patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Of the nine patients, three were treated for recurrent tumor. The ICGinduced fluorescence images of hemangioblastomas with variable presentation were evaluated.

Results All tumors could be completely removed en bloc. Blood flow in the tumor and tumor-related vessels at the brain surface were clearly detected by ICG-VA in all cases, except one recurrent tumor where postoperative adhesive scar tissue obstructed ICG-induced fluorescence resulting in poor delineation of the blood flow patterns and tumor margins. ICG-VAwas also helpful for detecting the multiple small mural nodules within the cyst or the tumors buried under thin gliotic neural tissue despite reduced fluorescence.

Conclusion Intraoperative ICG-VA is a safe and easy modality for confirming the vascular flow patterns in hemangioblastomas. In addition, ICG-VA provided useful information for intracystic small lesions or lesions concealed under thin brain tissue in order to accomplish total resection of these tumors.